In light of a recent commentary by Tom Power, former economics professor at the University of Montana, it’s apparent that much education is needed on the issue of America’s energy revolution.
Today, Americans are reaping the benefits of readily available, affordable energy. The United States has just been announced the number one energy producer in the world by Wall Street Journal. Last year, families saw energy savings of $1,200 per household thanks to technological advances in unconventional methods of extraction, according to a September IHS report.
The federal government’s Low Income Energy Assistance Program spent $3.5 billion dollars on 9 million people last year to help pay energy bills, amounting to just under $400 per person. That being said, America’s private energy sector saved families three times more than taxpayer-funded government subsidies.
Power points out that oil and gas production have increased three-fold in Montana since 1990. He fails to mention that in 1990 production levels were tanking. Tax changes throughout the 1990s, including a production incentive passed by the Montana Legislature, stopped the decline and led to an increase in oil and gas production, especially via horizontal wells.
Improved horizontal drilling technology partnered with proven hydraulic fracturing released billions of barrels of oil and gas previously thought to be uneconomic to produce. The production increase led to surpluses of new tax revenues at the state and county levels.
In 1990, state and local tax revenues from oil and gas production totaled just over $30 million for cash-starved state and local governments and schools. Almost 20 years later, in 2008, the total production tax revenue from oil and gas was more than $300 million, with more than half that amount returning to the counties for school funding, infrastructure and public programs. Since 2009, oil and gas production levels have remained relatively constant, providing more than $200 million a year in production taxes alone to the state.
According to Power, Montana’s oil and gas industry “was directly responsible of about one-half of one percent of all jobs in the state” in 2011. As of 2012, Montana’s oil and gas activity actually accounted for roughly 3 percent of jobs in Montana, or almost 30,000 (direct and indirect jobs), according to economist Patrick Barkey of the Bureau of Business and Economic Research.
Oil-producing counties represent the state’s lowest areas of unemployment, according to the Montana Department of Labor and Industry. The report from August of this year lists the following Eastern Montana counties at the top of the list: Fallon County 1.5 percent, Richland County 2.2 percent, Sheridan County 2.2 percent, McCone County 2.3 percent, Carter County 2.3 percent, Garfield County 2.7 percent, Wibaux County 2.8 percent, and Custer Co. 3 percent.
Compare those numbers to the hardest hit areas: Sanders County 10.2 percent, Lincoln County 12.1 percent and Big Horn County with the highest unemployment at 14.3 percent.
Power criticizes the payroll associated with oil and gas jobs and claims that, “Oil and gas development is not a likely candidate for substantial job creation.” Really?
On the contrary, the Montana Department of Labor classifies natural resource jobs, along with health care and business services, as one of the fastest growing industries in Montana, with a forecasted growth rate of 2.3 percent between 2014 and 2021. In terms of wages, Montana’s oil and gas industry paid an average of $56,581 per worker, 75 percent above the state average in 2012.
One of the most ludicrous statements in Power’s write up is the assumption that “few people hold up that phenomenon (Eastern Montana oil boom) as an example of how most Montanans would like to live and raise their kids.”
The Montana Petroleum Association has spent the last year on the road and on the phone speaking with families who express the exact opposite sentiment. Many have claimed that without the oil activity, their families “wouldn’t have made it” through the recession. For some, it’s a family affair, with one or more family members working in the oil field, like Robin Schiele, of Helena, and his 22-year-old son, who lives in Missoula but works in the Bakken.
Before Robin, the family’s patriarch, was hired for a water trucking company in the Williston Basin, the Schiele family, including Robin’s wife and three children, worked 16 hour-days caring for lawns just to pay the bills. The Schieles are one of many families who’ve said the Bakken opportunities are what saved their family.
As for those living closer to the bulk of the activity, the sentiment’s the same.
At the Montana Economic Development Association’s fall conference on Oct. 3 in Sidney, Richland County Commissioner Shane Gorder told attendees, “I want to make one thing very clear. I am excited about our economy. I am glad that our children can return home to work in our area. Growth is positive — bringing jobs and opportunities for our communities.”
Last week, Tracy Kessel, a wife and mother living in the oil patch, wrote in to the Sidney Herald, “For those of you who are new to our community, welcome, you couldn’t have picked a better community to be a part of or to raise your children.”
After setting the stage to undermine how prolific the recent expansion in energy production has been, Power defends federal agencies, saying, “Whatever federal energy policy has done, it has not restrained energy production in the United States.”
The reality is, though, the federal government and environmental agencies have done nothing to increase energy production either, though they love to take credit for the recent success of the private energy sector.
The federal government leases less than 6 percent of its onshore lands for oil and gas development. Under the Obama Administration, the rate of leasing has slowed by about half. According to the Energy Information Administration, in fiscal year 2011, production on federal lands dropped 13 percent from fiscal year 2010 levels, led by a drop in federal offshore production of 17 percent. The majority of oil production on federal lands (around 80 percent) is located in offshore waters. Furthermore, the rate of permitting has also declined by more than one-third.
These facts show that the trend during the current administration has been toward fewer leases and permits for oil and gas drilling and a longer processing time before approval, in contrast to state programs where permits can be obtained in less than a month.
Additionally, federal agencies like Fish and Wildlife Services and the Bureau of Land Management are proposing widespread conservation efforts throughout Western states which will have a direct negative impact on current and future development.
In Montana, BLM has released three resource management plans that call for millions of acres to be restricted from oil and gas leases along the Hi-Line and in Eastern Montana. The lack of consideration for the economic impact these management plans would have on Montana’s workforce and budget is egregious. Though new management areas will require funding, BLM director of Montana/Dakotas, Jamie Connell, says she doesn’t know where new money will come from (see Sept. 26 TSRIA meeting, Big Sky).
The record is clear that the current administration under President Obama has been a poor steward of our national energy supplies and our economic security. Take the five-year delay on the Keystone XL pipeline approval, for example, which is a project that would provide thousands of U.S. jobs, including ample work for labor unions.
Power’s efforts to downplay the economic contribution of oil and gas to state economies is laughable, but what’s worse is that he completely misses the point of advocating for multiple-use access to federal lands.
Our government is at a standstill because of a massive debt problem and the inability of Congress to agree on how to manage the budget. Last year alone, oil and gas production contributed $283 billion in GDP and $74 billion to state and federal revenues, including more than $200 million to Montana’s general fund (in production taxes alone).
A 5 percent increase in Montana drilling activity would create 366 more direct jobs, 1,025 indirect jobs, and more than $20 million a year in additional state and federal revenue.
As the largest economic driver since the recession, the energy sector is poised to help the federal government alleviate the debt crisis; the opportunity to do so might be a “fantasy,” but the ability — that is a reality.
Dave Galt is the executive director of the Montana Petroleum Organization.